Nazarite


Nazarite
   (Heb. form Nazirite), the name of such Israelites as took on them the vow prescribed in Num. 6:2-21. The word denotes generally one who is separated from others and consecrated to God. Although there is no mention of any Nazarite before Samson, yet it is evident that they existed before the time of Moses. The vow of a Nazarite involved these three things, (1) abstinence from wine and strong drink, (2) refraining from cutting the hair off the head during the whole period of the continuance of the vow, and (3) the avoidance of contact with the dead.
   When the period of the continuance of the vow came to an end, the Nazarite had to present himself at the door of the sanctuary with (1) a he lamb of the first year for a burnt-offering, (2) a ewe lamb of the first year for a sin-offering, and (3) a ram for a peace-offering. After these sacrifices were offered by the priest, the Nazarite cut off his hair at the door and threw it into the fire under the peace-offering.
   For some reason, probably in the midst of his work at Corinth, Paul took on himself the Nazarite vow. This could only be terminated by his going up to Jerusalem to offer up the hair which till then was to be left uncut. But it seems to have been allowable for persons at a distance to cut the hair, which was to be brought up to Jerusalem, where the ceremony was completed. This Paul did at Cenchrea just before setting out on his voyage into Syria (Acts 18:18).
   On another occasion (Acts 21:23-26), at the feast of Pentecost, Paul took on himself again the Nazarite vow. "The ceremonies involved took a longer time than Paul had at his disposal, but the law permitted a man to share the vow if he could find companions who had gone through the prescribed ceremonies, and who permitted him to join their company. This permission was commonly granted if the new comer paid all the fees required from the whole company (fee to the Levite for cutting the hair and fees for sacrifices), and finished the vow along with the others. Four Jewish Christians were performing the vow, and would admit Paul to their company, provided he paid their expenses. Paul consented, paid the charges, and when the last seven days of the vow began he went with them to live in the temple, giving the usual notice to the priests that he had joined in regular fashion, was a sharer with the four men, and that his vow would end with theirs. Nazarites retired to the temple during the last period of seven days, because they could be secure there against any accidental defilement" (Lindsay's Acts).
   As to the duration of a Nazarite's vow, every one was left at liberty to fix his own time. There is mention made in Scripture of only three who were Nazarites for life, Samson, Samuel, and John the Baptist (Judg. 13:4, 5; 1 Sam. 1:11; Luke 1:15). In its ordinary form, however, the Nazarite's vow lasted only thirty, and at most one hundred, days. (See Rechabites.)
   This institution was a symbol of a life devoted to God and separated from all sin, a holy life.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nazarite — • The name given by the Hebrews to a person set apart and especially consecrated to the Lord. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nazarite     Nazarite      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nazarite — Naz a*rite, prop. n. A Jew bound by a vow to leave the hair uncut, to abstain from wine and strong drink, and to practice extraordinary purity of life and devotion, the obligation being for life, or for a certain time. The word is also used… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nazarite — or Nazirite [naz′ə rīt΄] n. [LL(Ec) Nazaraeus < Gr(Ec) Nazaraios, for Heb nāzīr < nāzar, to separate, consecrate] among the ancient Hebrews, a person who vowed to abstain from wine, leave the hair uncut, and avoid touching a corpse …   English World dictionary

  • Nazarite — Nazir Nazir (ou nazirite ou nazarite, en Hébreu: נזיר, nazir qui signifie consacré ou séparé [1]), est le nom donné aux juifs qui font vœu d ascétisme tel que décrit dans le Livre des Nombres (ch. 6,1 21). La figure la plus représentative du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nazarite — noun see Nazirite …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nazarite — Nazaritic /naz euh rit ik/, adj. /naz euh ruyt /, n. 1. (among the ancient Hebrews) a person who had taken certain strict religious vows, usually for a limited period. 2. Rare. a Nazarene. 3. Rare. Christ. 4. Obs. a Christian. Also, Nazirite.… …   Universalium

  • nazarite — Rasta Dictionary Ancient Hebrew meaning to separate , consecrated, set apart by choice and devotion NIYABINGHI: 1. death to all black and white oppressors ; 2. East African warriors who resisted colonial domination; 3. large Rastafarian meeting… …   English dialects glossary

  • Nazarite — n. Jewish person in biblical times who had taken some strict religious vows of abstinence (such as not to drink wine or cut the hair), Nazirite; person from Nazareth; Jesus Christ; Christian person (Historical) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • nazarite — naz·a·rite …   English syllables

  • nazarite —  Назарей …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов


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